BUILDING A DEMOCRACY THAT IS INCLUSIVE AND FORWARD-LOOKING
The Coalition for Clean and Fair Elections (Bersih 2.0) calls on all Malaysians regardless of our ethnic, religious and social backgrounds, to come together and forge a new Malaysian identity as we celebrate our 62nd year of Malaya’s independence which paved the way to Malaysia’s formation.. We need to look beyond our ethnic origins and celebrate our diversity as a nation if we are to build a democracy that is inclusive, robust and forward-looking.
Bersih 2.0 as a movement that unites Malaysians from all walks of life to champion for free and fair elections in the past, is concerned that undue stress have been put on the fragile harmony that exists between the various ethnic communities of this country recently by political, religious, influential leaders and irresponsible social media users, through their statements and actions.
Some of the incidents that highlighted the fragility of communal relation in this country includes the introduction of Khat (Jawi) as part of learning Bahasa Malaysia in Year 4 of the National school curriculum and the reaction of Dong Zong and other vernacular education groups towards it, the reference to Indian and Chinese communities by controversial preacher Zakir Naik, the assertion that the Malay should be the dominant race in this country by the Perlis Mufti Mohd Asri Zainal Abidin, the unwarranted remarks about our soldiers by tycoon Koon Yew Yin and the posting of an altered Jalur Gemilang (Malaysian flag) by another tycoon Lee Kim Yew. The heated polemics around these issues have made many disillusioned about their identity as a Malaysian and the future of this country.
Bersih 2.0 wishes to remind all that in the first place, that in a democracy, people must be free to express their views without being disparaged or their loyalty to the nation being called into question. Disagreements and dissenting views are normal and are, indeed, healthy and necessary for a democracy. These different viewpoints and ideologies are manifested in the many political parties we have, even from the same ethnic group, and again, that is normal and healthy if they compete civilly, truthfully and intellectually.
Discourses and disagreements should be confined to discussants and not racialised and generalised to stoke racial animosity which can lead to hostility and violent outcomes. Opportunistic politicians and individuals who seek to exploit our fears and suspicions of each other must be called out and rejected by Malaysians who wants to live in peace and harmony. And in some cases, appropriate action should be taken by the authorities to send a message that incitement to hate, discrimination and violence will not be tolerated.
Bersih 2.0 is of the view that one of the incentive for identity politics in this country can be attributed to the type of electoral system we use in this country, and in our case, the First-Past-The-Post (FPTP) system that we inherited from the British. The FPTP electoral system coupled with our multi-ethnic society encourages a winner takes all mentality among our political parties, producing political discourses that are extreme and divisive.
As we celebrate this Merdeka Day, we urge the government and all parties to embrace a national conversation about moving away from FPTP towards a system with Party-List Proportional Representation (List-PR) seats. This will ensure a wide representation of parties in the Parliament and eliminate their need to play up communal fear over internal division to mobilise votes.
The List-PR seats can also overcome intra-coalition quarrel over constituency allocation so common under FPTP by allowing component parties to compete openly and healthily against each other via party votes, instead of resorting to sabotage and scheming. Not only List-PR seats can enable quotas for women and other marginalised groups, the direct mandate for parties instead of candidates can also strengthen political parties and discourage party hopping.
With a change of regime for the first time last year, Malaysia has a unique opportunity to reexamine what are some of the structural factors that contribute both to our strength and weakness as a nation, and to take bold and even radical steps to address some of the institutional structures that contribute to the rise of identity politics, that is tearing our communities apart. One of these structure is the way we elect our politicians and we must consider adopting a system that reduces incentive to use identity politics and one that encourages centrism, moderation and inclusiveness.
Bersih 2.0 wishes all Malaysians a happy Merdeka and may we take this moment not only to reflect on the challenges that are facing us, but to also consider the opportunity before us to forge a new Malaysian identity. While each of us should value our unique historical roots, what is more important is that we look forward to building a democracy where we could all coexist in harmony and share in its prosperity.
Malaysia Bersih, Sayangi Malaysiaku
Statement issued by:
The Steering Committee of Bersih 2.0